A modern person is prone to physical inactivity, the influence of a polluted atmosphere, and the use of dozens of harmful food additives does not add anything to health. As a result, her immune system weakens and becomes more prone to the infections that await her at every turn. More than 20% of the world's population is infected with dermatomycosis or fungal infections. The legs are particularly affected. Medicine successfully copes with the treatment of such a disease, but due to certain circumstances, many people prefer to be treated on their own. Consider how and how to treat foot fungus at home.
Varieties of fungal infection on the feet
The appearance of a fungus on the legs is an infection of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) of the interdigital area of the legs and the nail plates, with the possible spread of microscopic fungi further along the body. Defeat can be caused by:
- yeast fungi;
But in general, this disease is called dermatomycosis.
The visible signs of a fungus depend on the strain that is causing it. Types of yeast infection:
- Onychomycosis - with this disease the nail plates are affected and it happens in different ways. In the first case, the toenails change color, break and thicken. With atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed, and the skin underneath hardens.
- With scaly yeast infection, the skin turns red and begins to itch, peeling occurs, the condition turns into painful itching.
- The dyshidrotic form of the fungus is characterized by the formation of watery bubbles up to 5 mm in diameter, which, gradually merging with each other, form ulcers.
- Intertrigue yeast infection is the most common type of fungus that presents as cracks in the skin between the toes, often closer to the little finger. It is characterized by severe itching.
What are the causes of yeast infection on the legs?
- Many healthy people strive to stay in shape. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, swimming pools and saunas, where mycotic organisms multiply rapidly in a hot environment. It is in these public places that fungal infections usually occur.
- When the family uses household shoes, regular towels, bath and shower mats, and hygiene products. A carrier of the fungus can infect an entire family.
- Weakened immunity contributes to the spread of yeast infections of the legs in the elderly. Statistics indicate that men are more likely to be infected with a fungus.
- The indiscriminate use of drugs (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibacterials, cytostatic drugs) is also the source of the risk of developing fungal infections of the feet.
- Fungal infection of the feet is possible due to occupational factors. The infection is more likely to affect minors, those involved in the metal industry, the military, as well as the personnel of baths, saunas and sports complexes.
- Human lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially excessive sweating), osteoarthritis, overweight.
- Cuts and microcracks in the skin, corns and calluses on the feet, hallux valgus.
- Unfavorable ecological situation.
The fungus on the feet usually develops in several periods:
- The incubation phase depends on the state of the human immune system. The stronger it is, the later the signs of yeast infection will appear.
- The period after the incubation period is characterized by redness of the skin, the appearance of itching and microcracks. Swelling of the legs is sometimes observed. At this stage, the development of the infection can be stopped with simple and even folk remedies.
- At the third stage, the disease turns into a more dangerous form: the skin peels off, large lesions are formed, the skin gradually begins to exfoliate. The cracks widen, causing tangible pain. The nail plates are deformed. From this period, the treatment will be complex and prolonged.
- The chronic form of mycosis is fraught with frequent relapses and can last for several years. If the fungus is started at such a point, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid the irreparable consequences of the disease.
How to cure foot fungus at home
Only after carrying out qualified diagnostics (scrapings, research for strains, microscopy), a specialist can prescribe effective means to combat fungus on the legs. In addition to drug therapy for the fungus, folk remedies can also be used.
There are many ways to get rid of the fungus on the feet at home. Their advantage is an affordable price and a minimum of contraindications. But even harmless folk remedies should be used in combination with essential drugs in consultation with the doctor.
The most effective antifungal agents
There are a number of dosage forms for the fungus in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, ointments and suspensions, sprays and lotions with fungicidal properties that prevent the growth of bacteria. These funds are able to quickly remove the fungus from the affected skin if the disease is in its initial stage.
Usually, in the complex treatment of mycosis of the feet, the following means are used:
- tablets for mushrooms on the legs;
- Antifungal ointment, which is applied 2 times a day to sensitive points.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an innovative method of treating fungus - a hardware method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of mycosis in sore points, but does not guarantee that there will not be relapses.
In addition to the main therapy, the treatment of foot fungus with folk remedies is used. There are many methods of dealing with such a problem at home - these are all kinds of baths, compresses and masks against fungus based on natural substances.
Among them, the most effective for the treatment of yeast infections are:
- A solution of potassium permanganate. It is recommended to spray your legs in a warm bath before going to bed, then wrap them in gauze soaked in such a solution and leave them overnight.
- Baths with a sea salt content in the amount of 1, 5 tbsp. l. per liter of water.
- Copper sulfate. With him you can cope with the fungus on the feet like this: fry 1 tbsp. of this substance in a pan until white, then mix with the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Thoroughly mix the ingredients and apply the resulting ointment to the legs in a warm form in a thin layer. Wash off after 40 minutes.
- Applying vinegar to kill the fungus is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. Among its types (apple, wine), the most effective is 9% simple vinegar, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 8, used as a slightly warm bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3 days.
- This will help to cope with the fungus on the feet and soda oatmeal. It is applied to the affected areas of the feet and kept for 20 minutes, then washed off. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply the same on your feet.
- A foot compress with a solution of peroxide will help cure the fungus. To do this, you must first spray your feet in a bath of lukewarm water. Then prepare a solution of 1 liter of water with 1 tbsp. soda and 2 tbsp. l. peroxide, soak the gauze and wrap your legs with it. Soak for an hour, then rinse.
- Onion recipes will help to cope with the problem. Grate 2 large onions on a coarse grater, squeeze the juice from the resulting oatmeal, apply to the feet. Wait until it is absorbed, put on socks and leave it on overnight, and in the morning rinse your feet. Likewise, it acts on the fungus and the juice of the garlic.
- Effectively use celandine from the fungus. Its juice (5 drops) is mixed with half a teaspoon of alcohol tincture of calendula and 5 drops of oregano juice, as well as a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the legs without rinsing.
Maintenance and hygiene rules
Using medicinal compresses and foot baths for fungus at home with prescribed drugs, you can get rid of it quite quickly. In addition, special care should be applied to the feet in order to maintain the condition of the skin during this period, and also to promote recovery.
Before treating the affected areas of the feet and nails with fungal infection, put disposable gloves on your hands.
Shoes should be treated with special agents (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, it should be replaced with products made from natural materials. After each wearing, shoes should be placed on the balcony for ventilation. If it gets wet, be sure to dry it completely, change the soles more often.
During the period of fungal disease, you should not visit the swimming pool, saunas, beaches, use someone else's shoes, slippers, towels, so as not to infect other family memberswith the mushroom. After recovery, it is advisable to get rid of old socks and replace the insoles of the shoes, as well as treat them with vinegar. This also applies to rubber mats in the bathroom. This is done to kill fungal spores which can relapse or infect other people's feet.
Prevention of relapse and reinfection
To avoid reinfection of the feet with a fungal infection and to get rid of it permanently, special attention should be paid to foot hygiene. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- only wear your own shoes and clothes;
- choose shoes made of natural materials;
- do not let the feet be steamed in the shoes;
- wash your feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before going to bed and after going out on the street;
- watch the shoes: dry them from the inside, periodically treat them with special deodorants;
- maintain immunity.
The legs require regular care and attention. Any discomfort in the legs and external changes in their area should be a reason to see a specialist.